Our bodies pay a high price when it comes to obesity. There are significant diseases associated with excess weight, called co-morbidities, affecting almost every major organ in the body.
The link between being overweight and developing T2DM has long been established. 85% of people with T2DM are overweight. 80% are obese. As obesity rates have increased, so too have the number of newly diagnosed cases of T2DM in the U.S. The diagnosis rate of T2DM has nearly doubled from 4.8 per 1,000 in 1997 to 9.1 per 1,000 in 2007.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obesity is considered a major risk factor for the development and progression of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The prevalence of OSA in obese and severely obese adults is nearly twice that of the total adult population and it is estimated that OSA is present in over 50% of obese patients with a BMI higher than 40.
Hypertension is six times more likely in obese subjects than in lean men and women.
Obesity has been associated with both osteoarthritis and degenerative joint disease. One study indicated that obese female adults are up to 4 times more likely to develop osteoarthritis of the knee compared to non-obese adults.
Migraines, depression, obstructive sleep apnea, high cholesterol, hypertension, asthma, diabetes, urinary stress incontinence, and osteoarthritis/joint disease are all issues related to obesity.