Obesity is defined by an abnormal or excessive body fat accumulation and identified by a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher. Obesity and obesity-related diseases are a leading cause of disability and death, accounting for high healthcare utilization and high healthcare costs in the United States. Obesity is a complex, multifactorial metabolic disease characterized by a dysfunction of the gut endocrine system.

What Obesity Looks Like

With such a large percentage of the population overweight or obese, many people don’t realize that they are in the overweight or obese categories. The illustrations below show what an average 5'4"" woman would look like at various BMI categories

image info in the caption below

If a 5'4" woman weighs:

  • 130 pounds her BMI will be 22, which is in the normal range (19 to 24.9)
  • 152 pounds her BMI will be 26, which is in the normal range (25 to 29.9)
  • 175 pounds her BMI will be 30, which is in the normal range (30 to 34.9)
  • 205 pounds her BMI will be 35, which is in the normal range (35 to 39.9)
  • 234 pounds her BMI will be 40, which is in the normal range (40 and up)


Source: Ethicon